Holidaymakers instructed me what they feel of Elmina. Ghana needs to do some issues otherwise

(MENAFN – The Conversation) Ghana has been rated fourth between 19 attention-grabbing tourism destinations around the world. The region has the capability to host various kinds of tourism functions. These involve heritage, leisure, ecotourism and festivals, as perfectly as convention and business tourism, beach resorts and town tourism.

Amid the prime contributors of foreign exchange to the economic climate, tourism contributed 4.9% of Ghana’s GDP in 2018. Ghana is investing in procedures to draw in more visitors. These include things like the advancement of the Marine Push challenge and the refurbishment of other current internet sites.

This kind of approaches will get on additional value in the light of the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on tourism throughout the world.

One of the Ghanaian sights is Elmina, a coastal town with a potent website link to the country’s colonial previous. The town recorded about 100,000 global site visitors in 2018.

The key tourist attraction is the 536-yr-aged Portuguese castle , created in 1482. The castle is a Earth Heritage web site.

Crucial as Elmina is to Ghana’s tourism market, there has been no empirical study on the city-certain elements that impact international tourists’ fulfillment. These are aspects like the travel encounter, the facilities, solutions and rates. The analysis I am conscious of relates to global tourists’ pleasure with Ghanaian food.

What the analysis uncovered

I done exploration to examine the precise tour products and services that influence international tourist fulfillment in Elmina. I also preferred to realize how tourists’ fulfillment would influence their intention to invest in the same tour again.

In the research, 432 overseas travelers have been interviewed on sites in and outside the Elmina castle. Most of them (73.3%) ended up male and 35.7% were aged involving 45 and 54 60% had been repeat site visitors and 30.6% had been from the US. Half of the vacationers (50.3%) experienced booked resort accommodation.

The study showed that distinct tour solutions – specifically neighborhood conversation, tour manual efficiency, transportation, foods and memento buying – positively motivated worldwide tourist pleasure in Elmina. And this gratification experienced a favourable bearing on the intention to revisit Elmina.

Why is the study important?

In 2017, the complete contribution of the tourism sector to Ghana’s GPD amounted to virtually US$3 billion. As a result, this examine is of desire to Ghana for the reason that tourism has turn out to be the fourth best earnings earner for the nation following gold, cocoa and oil.

Secondly, the Globe Tourism Organisation has indicated that city tourism is 1 of the fastest-growing factors of tourism. It assignments an boost in the variety of global arrivals worldwide of 1.8 billion visitors by the 12 months 2030 .
Ghana has not completely tapped into this multibillion-dollar likely nevertheless.

In the past 5 many years, Elmina has seen advancement in the number of domestic and intercontinental visitors. The cause of this increase has not been proven. The govt of Ghana and other stakeholders understand tourism to be vital in Elmina, nonetheless there is no proof to assist the perception that international tourism fulfillment in the community is considerable in producing opportunities to create the community.

Dialogue of key factors of study

The destructive consequence obtained for accommodation on tourists’ gratification could be linked to the type of accommodation services and excellent of services vacationers obtained in contrast to what they envisioned. Accommodation and services supply as a element of the core companies should satisfy the standard demands of the travellers. This really should ship a sign to marketers and desired destination practitioners to shell out interest to this core company.

Memento buying stood out amongst the recognized tour products and services. A selection of good reasons may possibly account for this. First, souvenirs play a quite vital position in tourism. They evoke reminiscences of the persons, place and functions and serve as presents.

Once more, souvenirs supply a supply of satisfaction and enable shape tourists’ activities. In Ghana, souvenirs are usually handcrafted by artisans and craftsmen with top quality regional supplies. They are modest in measurement, appealing and reasonably priced.

Included to this a a lot more interactive group inside a place town is a lot more possible to produce a heat, hospitable surroundings essential for tourists’ expertise. Elmina is just one such place.

Lastly, the visitors appreciated tour guidebook functionality at the castle and the transportation method in Elmina, producing it just one of most secure locations in just the state the place holidaymakers can have memorable tour.


In summary, investigate into aspects that impact worldwide tourism gratification and their behavioural intentions, like I analyzed in Elmina, is a neglected location in tourism literature on the continent. I endorse aligning the identified elements that impact international tourism satisfaction to the current tourism actions and policies of point out and local authorities in Elmina.

Numerous simple actions could be taken. For instance, federal government and city officers must feel of deploying fashionable procedures of sustaining very best city tourism’s procedures. This could be finished by setting up capacity of the city officials, city developers and businesses, among other people, to locate impressive and regular techniques of maintaining high-quality of public products and services (accommodation, transport, leisure facilities, corporations and communication).

My analysis factors to the truth that the community people in Elmina should really be completely ready to establish favourable photos of the metropolis that would stick in the minds of travellers to attract long term travelers.


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